Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Stock-Based Compensation

v3.20.1
Stock-Based Compensation
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2020
Share-based Payment Arrangement [Abstract]  
Stock-Based Compensation STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
The Company maintains, as approved by the board of directors, the 2019 Stock Incentive Plan (the "Plan") providing for the issuance of stock-based based awards to employees, officers, directors or consultants of the Company. Non-qualified stock options may only be granted with an exercise price equal to the market value of the Company’s common stock on the grant date. Awards under the Plan may be either vested or unvested options, or unvested restricted stock. The Plan has authorized 8,000,000 shares for issuance of stock-based awards. As of March 31, 2020, there were shares available for issuance of future stock awards, which includes 8,042,278 shares available under the 2019 and 2017 incentive plans.
Stock-based compensation expense
The following table summarizes stock-based compensation expense:
Three Months Ended March 31,
2020 2019
Stock options $ 80,430    $ 691,070   
Restricted stock 778,597    —   
Total stock-based compensation $ 859,027    $ 691,070   

Stock options
The following table summarizes option activity for directors, officers, consultants and employees:
Number of Options Weighted
Average
Exercise Price
per Option
Weighted
Average Grant
Date Fair Value
 per Option
Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual Life
(Years)
Balance, December 31, 2019 3,725,000    $ 2.32   
Granted —   
Exercised —   
Forfeited —   
Expired (12,500)   2.74   
Balance, March 31, 2020 3,712,500    $ 2.31   
Number of options exercisable at March 31, 2020 3,128,500    $ 2.38    5.4

As of March 31, 2020, unrecognized compensation expense was $0.4 million for unvested options which is expected to be recognized over the next 2.0 years.

Restricted stock
The following table summarizes restricted stock activity:

Number of Unvested Shares Weighted Average Grant Date Fair Value per Share
Balance, December 31, 2019 1,768,726    $ 2.57   
Granted —    —   
Vested (282,112)   2.54   
Forfeited —    —   
Balance, March 31, 2020 1,486,614    $ 2.57