Mandatory Redeemable Series B Preferred Stock
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2019
|Stockholders' Equity Note [Abstract]|
|Mandatory Redeemable Series B Preferred Stock||. MANDATORY REDEEMABLE SERIES B PREFERRED STOCK
On June 5, 2019 (the “Closing Date”), the Company closed Subscription Agreements with institutional investors for the purchase of 1,250,000 units consisting of one share of Series B Preferred Stock (the “Preferred Stock”), with a stated value of $20.00 per share (the “Stated Value”) and a common stock purchase warrant to purchase 7.41 shares of the common stock (the “Warrants”) for an aggregate purchase price of $25.0 million. The Preferred Stock is not convertible and does not hold voting rights.
The Preferred Stock ranks senior to the Company’s common stock with respect to dividend rights and rights upon liquidation, winding-up or dissolution. The Preferred Stock is entitled to annual dividends at a rate equal to 8.0% per annum on the Stated Value. Accrued dividends will be payable quarterly in shares of common stock of the Company based on a fixed share price of $1.62. The Warrants have an exercise price of $1.62 per share, which was in excess of the closing price of $1.60 on May 30, 2019. They are immediately exercisable and will expire seven years from the date of issuance.
In June 2023, the Company is required to redeem all the outstanding shares of the Preferred Stock at the Stated Value, plus accrued and unpaid dividends. At any time prior to such date, the Company, subject to the repayment and retirement of the Credit Agreement, may redeem any outstanding shares of Preferred Stock at the Stated Value, plus accrued and unpaid dividends (“Optional Redemption”). Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Company may elect an Optional Redemption prior to the fourth anniversary of the Closing Date so long as it obtains from the lenders to the Credit Agreement consent to such Optional Redemption.
The aggregate number of shares of common stock issued in payment of dividends on the Preferred Stock when added to the number of shares of common stock issued upon exercise of any warrants shall not exceed 19.9% of either (a) the total number of shares of common stock outstanding on the date hereof; or (b) the total voting power of the Company’s securities outstanding on the date hereof that are entitled to vote on a matter being voted on by holders of the common stock, unless and until the Company obtains stockholder approval permitting such issuances.
As the Preferred Stock is mandatorily redeemable, it is classified as a liability on the condensed consolidated balance sheet. All dividends payable on the Preferred Stock are classified as interest expense.
The Preferred Stock and Warrants have been determined to be freestanding financial instruments and have been accounted for separately. The Warrants are considered equity instruments and are not required to be recorded as a liability and marked-to-market at each reporting period. On the date of issuance, the value of the Warrants was $6.7 million, which was determined using the Black-Scholes valuation model. The fair value of the warrants was recorded as an increase to Additional Paid-In Capital and a discount of the Preferred Stock. The discount will be amortized to interest expense through May 2023.
Tabular disclosure of the nature and terms of the financial instruments and the rights and obligations embodied in those instruments, information about settlement alternatives, if any, in the contract and identification of the entity that controls the settlement alternatives including: a. The amount that would be paid, or the number of shares that would be issued and their fair value, determined under the conditions specified in the contract if the settlement were to occur at the reporting date b. How changes in the fair value of the issuer's equity shares would affect those settlement amounts (for example, "the issuer is obligated to issue an additional x shares or pay an additional y dollars in cash for each $1 decrease in the fair value of one share") c. The maximum amount that the issuer could be required to pay to redeem the instrument by physical settlement, if applicable d. The maximum number of shares that could be required to be issued, if applicable e. That a contract does not limit the amount that the issuer could be required to pay or the number of shares that the issuer could be required to issue, if applicable f. For a forward contract or an option indexed to the issuer's equity shares, the forward price or option strike price, the number of issuer's shares to which the contract is indexed, and the settlement date or dates of the contract, as applicable. g. The components of the liability that would otherwise be related to shareholders' interest and other comprehensive income (if any) subject to the redemption feature (for example, par value and other paid in amounts of mandatorily redeemable instruments are disclosed separately from the amount of retained earnings or accumulated deficit).
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef